How to set up LaTeX and the Fuzz type checker to prepare your Z specifications on MacOS High Sierra

• The LaTeX part of this is The MacTeX-2017 Distribution
• The Z-specific LaTeX package; the fonts; and the Fuzz type-checker are all downloaded from Mike Spivey’s web server in a single gzipped tar file containing the source code and documentation.
• Apple’s XCode from the Mac App Store.
• The Gnu gcc compiler proper - rather than XCode’s gcc alias to its more contemporary llvm compiler. Use brew install gcc to get the HomeBrew version which gives us the executable - as of writing - gcc-7
• The Gnu awk rather than the BSD one: brew install gawk

## Installing MacTeX

MacTeX is a standard Mac OS X package so in installed in the standard way.

It comes with two main apps: TexShop, the LaTeX editor; and the Tex Live Utility which is a kind of package manager and preferences editor.

Once you’ve fired up TexShop - the editor / IDE - immediately “check for updates” . Similarly, TeX Live Utility will most probably display an error until after you also complete “check for updates”.

#### Now you can typeset your Z spec

The MacTeX distribution comes with the zed-csp package already pre-installed, so you can start writing your Z spec without further ado (see below for using zed-csp)

So some of the following is actually redundant. You can stop here if all you want is to typeset a Z spec.

In my case I also want to have the fuzz type-checking program built, and it will do no harm to have the zed fonts and style file installed again locally.

## Installing the Z bits

Now we have a working LaTeX environment, and we want to proceed to installing fuzz. The same Makefile that builds the Fuzz type checker executable also installs the fuzz LaTeX package

So we need to adapt the Makefile to our OS X’s BSD Unix basis as Mike’s default Makefile is set up for a Linux distro.

• Edit the Makefile in the downloaded fuzz root directory. For me this is /Users/iainhouston/Downloads/fuzz-3.4.1/Makefile. We use the customisation directories referenced by the MacTeX package. These are in separate directories from the MacTeX app and will remain intact after any updates to MacTeX.
TEXDIR = /Users/iainhouston/Library/texmf/tex
MFDIR = /usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/fonts/source/local

• Edit the Makefile in the fuzz src directory to be specific about the compilers we’re using. For me this is /Users/iainhouston/Downloads/fuzz-3.4.1/src/Makefile. Update just these two lines so that OS X can find the C compiler (gcc-7) and the C preprocessor (cpp).
# CC=gcc
CC=gcc-7

# CPP=/lib/cpp
CPP=/usr/bin/cpp

• Edit line 291 of src/zscan.l to comment out a duplicate / redundant declaraton that will otherwise cause a compilation error.
/* EXTERN char *strncpy(); */


Now we can follow Mike Spivey’s instructions and, from the fuzz root directory (for me /Users/iainhouston/Downloads/fuzz-3.4.1) we do:

make 				# build the executable
make test 			# test the build went OK
sudo make install	# distribute all the LaTeX bits and the executable properly
sudo texhash		# tell MacTeX of the Z package


## Testing the whole thing

We want to ensure that we can:

• Typeset a Z specification relying upon all the Z LaTeX additions being in the common locations rather than in the same directory as the specification source.
• Type check a Z specification

So we’ll copy example.tex and tut.tex from the downloaded tex directory to a separate one and use the TexShop GUI to open and typeset these files and use fuzz example.tex and fuzz -t tut.tex to show that the type checker is doing its thing.

fuzz example.tex should report one error and fuzz -t tut.tex should produce no errors but report a lot of types of global definitions.

## Using the zed-csp pre-installed package

Some kind person has created a template here (Overleaf) that demonstrates the use of the pre-installed MacTeX package zed-csp.

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{zed-csp}
\begin{document}
\title{Typesetting Z specifications with \texttt{zed-csp}}
\author{}\date{}
\maketitle
\thispagestyle{empty}

\begin{schema}{PhoneDB}
known: \power NAME \\ phone: NAME \pfun PHONE
\where
known = \dom phone
\end{schema}
.
.
.
\end{document}


The Fuzz type checker is not concerned whether you choose to use the fuzz or the zed-csp package.

Incidentally, you’ll notice that the Overleaf example is not strictly type correct and needs a couple of lines added, in any case it’s not pretending to say anything much sensible but suffices to demonstrate the pre-installed MacTeX package:

.
.
%% \begin{zed} [NAME, PHONE, RESOURCE] \end{zed}
.
.
%%unchecked
\begin{gendef}[X,Y]
first: X \cross Y \fun X
.
.